Sabtu, 11 Februari 2012

KATA DEPAN


I am        You Are           he Is        She Is        We Are       They Are           it is           I do        we do           they do           you do        he does         she does         it does                  I did             we did      they did      you did            he did         she did            it did

I was        You were         He was            She was         We were           They were          it was                         I have         we have         they have         you have            he has           she has          it has                  I had       we had           they had          you had         he had        she had              it had

i     me    my   mine             he   him   his         she      her   hers        we   us  our           they     them         their              it     its            you     yuor    yours



Subejct              Possessive Adjective


I                        My                     
You                   Your
we                     our
they                   their
she                    her
he                     his
it                       its

contoh:
my book (buku saya)
your pen (pena kamu)
our bag  (tas kita)
their parents (orang tua mereka)
her dog (anjingnya)
his cat  (kucingnya)
its food (makananya)

kata benda yang dimasukan sesudah possessive adjective bisa berbentuk tunggal/singular, jamak/plural, benda yang bisa dihitung/countable nouns, atau benda yang tidak bisa dihitung/uncountable noun.
Possessive adjective adalah termasuk jenis kata sifat, karena possessive adjective menjelaskan kata benda sesudahnya. Sebenarnya  posessive adjective digunakan untuk mengganti possessive noun ketika referencenya diketahui dengan jelas. perhatikan contoh di bawah ini;

Toni's book   -        His book
Shinta's book - her book
The children's book - their book.

Kata "toni's book" adalah possessive noun, dan bisa diganti dengan possessive adjective "his book". ketika anda dan lawan bicara anda mengatakan "his book" berarti anda dan lawan bicara anda telah mengetahui bahwa buku itu milik Toni walau tidak menggunakan possessive noun (Toni's book).

untuk membuat possessive nouns, kita harus menambahkan " 's/' " setelah nama

Toni's book
Robi's pen 
My mother's house
The children's teacher
My parent's stove

Apabila membuat possessive noun dengan menggunakan nama orang yang berakhiran "s", maka bisa menambah " 's ". contoh:

Charles's house
Denis's pen
Jika benda tersebut berbentuk jamak dengan menambahkan "s", untuk membuat possessive nounnya yaitu dengan " ' " saja, bukan  " 's"
contoh:

My sisters' book
The parents' house
The cats' food
The students' teacher

Jika benda tersebut berbentuk jamak yang tidak beraturan/ irrigular plural nouns, maka kita harus menambahkan " 's "

contoh:
the children's teacher
the men's pen
the women's parents
people's food
the mice's cage

Contoh lainya:

Dina's pencil    =  her pencil
John's wife     =  his wife
The students' teacher = their teacher
Chris's pen    = his pen
The mice's cage  = their cage
The cat's food    = its food
Toni's and Robi's book = their book

Contoh dalam kalimat

Toni and Joe are in the bedroom. Their mother is cooking in the kitchen.
do not bring my book.
Do you love your mother?
Anton hates his cat.
Toni and Tono sleep in their cousin's house.
Toni's bag is new.
The teacher's students are lazy. - See more at: http://belajarbahasainggrisonlinegratis.blogspot.com/2012/03/possessive-adjective.html#sthash.6uldbRZz.dpuf

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